Cytarabine

Generic Name : Cytarabine

TradeName :
Cytrosar, Cytarine, Cytarabin, Cytabin

Why it is prescribed (Indications) : Your doctor has ordered the drug cytarabine to help treat your illness. The drug probably will be injected under the skin of your forearm or into a vein. In special situations, it may be injected into the spinal cord. Cytarabine resembles normal cell nutrients needed by cancer cells to grow, so the cancer cells take up cytarabine by mistake. Once in these cells, cytarabine interferes with their growth. In addition to cytarabine, your doctor may have ordered other cancer-fighting drugs; this treatment is called combination therapy. Your doctor may measure the effectiveness of your treatment using laboratory tests and physical examinations. In general, the length of treatment depends on the types of drugs you are taking, how well your body responds to them, and the type of cancer you have.

When it is to be taken : It can be given into the fluid around the spinal cord through a lumbar puncture.It can also given as an injection just under the skin or as an injection into the vein.

How it should be taken
: The purpose of chemotherapy is to control your illness so that your own body can aid in your recovery. It is important to build up your body's defense system, and a balanced diet is needed to build a healthy body. Ask your doctor for advice on your diet.

Special Instruction :
1. It is especially important to prevent infection and injuries.
2. Avoid people with contagious diseases such as the flu.
3. Keep all cuts and scratches clean.
4. Maintain good personal hygiene, including hand washing and mouth care.
5. To avoid injuries, shave with an electric razor instead of blades and wear protective clothing.
6. Tell your doctor if you regularly take any medication, especially digoxin, do not take any medications, especially those containing aspirin, without your doctor's advice.
7. Avoid drinking alcoholic beverages. It is important to take regular care of your mouth to prevent infection.
8. Brush with a soft-bristle toothbrush or cotton swab.
9. Avoid mouthwashes that contain alcohol or lots of salt because they can irritate your mouth.
10. It is also important to eat well. Careful food selection will allow your mouth to heal while providing good nutrition. If your mouth becomes dry, eat moist foods, drink plenty of fluids, and suck on sugarless hard candy.
11. Avoid drinking alcoholic beverages and citrus juices.

Side Effects :

1. Although not everyone experiences side effects during chemotherapy, some people do. If any of the effects becomes intolerable, let your doctor know.
2. You may lose your appetite, or your appetite may be greater in the morning or at different times during the day than usual. Take advantage of these times and eat. Frequent small meals or snacks throughout the day may be easier to tolerate and will help you get the nutrients your body needs.
3. Common discomforts are nausea and vomiting. These problems may last up to 24 hours after treatment. Your doctor may have ordered antinausea medications to prevent you from feeling sick. Avoid eating favorite foods, large meals, and spicy or hot foods when you feel nauseated.
4. Cytarabine may cause a decrease in the number of blood cells. These cells include white blood cells that fight infection, red blood cells that carry oxygen and energy, and platelets that help clot blood and promote healing.
5. Abdominal pain, with or without diarrhea, may occur. If you have diarrhea, replace lost fluids, by drinking more liquids than usual. Also, a high-fiber diet may help control diarrhea.
6. Cytarbine may affect the lining of your mouth, causing redness, irritation, or sores. You may experience a sore throat or mouth pain.
7. Cytarabine has caused fever, with or without chills, in some patients. These symptoms usually occur during the treatment and stop after the treatment is discontinued. Drink plenty of fluids when a fever is present unless your doctor tells you otherwise. If the fever or chills continue, let your doctor know.
8. You may also experience weakness, aching and headache, but these symptoms generally do not last long.
9. If you notice any of the following symptoms, tell your doctor as soon as possible: sore throat, unusual bleeding or bruising, change in normal bowel habits for more than two days, muscle weakness, walking or handwriting difficulties, cough, fatigue, dizziness, and shortness of breath.

Other Precautions :
1. Do not take aspirin or aspirin-substitute products without your doctor's advice.
2. Try to maintain your normal activity schedule, but avoid stressful situations and be careful not to overexert yourself.
3. Remember to take a break and rest whenever you fell tired.
4. You should not assume that you cannot get pregnant just because you are on chemotherapy.
5. You should not plan to have children while receiving chemotherapy or for a while after treatments.
6. Use a reliable method of birth control.
7. Your doctor may order tests before, during, and after your treatment to see if your blood
cells are affected by the drug.

Storage Conditions :

Procedures for proper handling and disposal of anti cancer drugs should be considered.

Cyproheptadine

Generic Name : Cyproheptadine

TradeName : Ciplactin, Peritol, Practin, periactin

Why it is prescribed (Indications) : Cyproheptadine, an antihistamine, relieves red, irritated, itchy, watery eyes; sneezing; and runny nose caused by allergies, hay fever, and the common cold. It may also relieve the itching of insect bites, bee stings, position ivy, and poision oak. Cyproheptadine also is used to stimulate appetite and weight gain.

When it is to be taken : Cyproheptadine usually is taken two to four times a day. Follow the instructions on your prescription label carefully. Do not take this drug more often or take more at each dose than as directed.

How it should be taken : Cyproheptadine comes in the form of tablets and oral liquid. Your prescription label tells you how much to take at ech dose. You may obtain a specially marked measuring spoon to be sure of an accurate dose of the liquid.

Special Instruction :
1. Cyproheptadine can cause drowsiness. Do not drive a car or operae dangerous machinery until you know how this drug affects you.
2. Take the missed dose as soon as you remember it and take any remaining doses for that day at evenly spaced intervals. However, if you remember a missed dose near the time you are scheduled to take the next one, take only the scheduled dose. Do not take a double dose.

Side Effects :
1. Dry mouth, nose, and throat. Suck sugarless lozenges or hard candy, chew sugarless gum, or drink fluids.
2. Stomach upset. Take the medication with meals or milk.
3. Dizziness, drowsiness, excitement, muscle weakness, difficulty urinating, vision problems, skin rash. Contact your doctor.

Other Precautions :
1. Do not drink alcoholic beverages. Alcohol adds to the drowsiness caused by this drug.
2. Before you take this drug, tell you doctor if you have asthma, glaucoma, ulcers, difficulty urinating, heart disease, high blood pressure, seizures, or an overactive thyroid gland or if you are pregnant or breast-feeding.
3. Before you take Cyproheptadine, tell your doctor what prescription and non prescription medication you are taking, especially sleeping pills, tranquilizers, sedatives, muscle relaxants, medication for depression or seizures, narcotics, or other medication for allergies or colds.
4. Do not use Cyproheptadine if you have taken mono amino oxidase inhibitors like isocarboxazid, phenelzine or tranylcypromine in the last two weeks.
5. Do not allow anyone else to take this medication.

Storage Conditions :
1. keep this medication in the container it came in, tightly closed, and out of the reach of children. Store it at room temperature.
2. Do not allow the liquid to freeze.

Cyclosporine

Generic Name : Cyclosporine

TradeName : Immosol, Imusporin, Panimun Bioral, Sandimmun Conc, Sandimmun Neoral, Zymmune

Why it is prescribed (Indications) : Cyclosporine is used to prevent rejection of kidney, liver, and heart transplants. It also is used investigationally to prevent rejection problems in bone marrow and other transplants.

When it is to be taken : Cuclosporine is usually taken once a day. Follow the instructions on your prescription label carefully. If you take cyclosporine once a day, take it at the same time that you do something else each day, such as brushing your teeth in the morning, to help your remember it.

How it should be taken
: Cyclosporine comes in the form of oral liquid. Your prescription label tells you how much to take at each dose. A special syringe with markings for measuring the oral liquid dose is provided. Remove the protective cover from the syringe and carefully meas

Special Instruction :
1. Keep all appointments with your doctor and the laboratory. Your doctor will want to monitor your response to the cyclosporine, with frequent visits and blood tests for liver and kidney functions.
2. Your dose probably will be adjusted frequently. Cyclosporine makes you scratches clean.
3. Use good personal hygiene, particularly for your mouth, teeth, skin, hair, and hands.
4. Contact your doctor if you develop signs of an infection (e.g., fever, sore throat, chills and frequent and painful urination).
5. Contact your doctor immediately if you have decreased urination, swelling, weight gain, fever, headache, and a general feeling of illness, discomfort, or lack of energy.
6. When you start to take cyclosporine, ask your doctor what you should do if you forget a dose. Write these instructions down so that you can refer to them later. If you miss more than one dose, contact your doctor.

Side Effects :
1. Nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, loss of appetite. Take this drug with food. If these effects persist or become severe, contact your doctor.
2. Increased hair growth. Use hair removers.
3. Tremors, overgrowth of the gums, breast enlargement, sinusitis. Contact your doctor.
4. Unusual bleeding or bruising, sore throat, fever, chills, yellowing of the skin or eyes, seizures. Contact your doctor immediately.

Other Precautions :
1. Before you take cyclosporine, tell your doctor your entire medical history. Before you take cyclosporine, tell your doctor what prescription and nonprescription drugs you are taking, particularly acyclovir, amiloride, amphotericin, azathioprine, diclofenac, diltiazem, erythromycin, ketoconazole, methotrexate, methylprednisolone, phenobarbital, phenytoin, prednisolone, rifampin, spironolactone, and triamterene.
2. If you are pregnant, think that you may be pregnant, or wish to become pregnant, discuss this matter with your doctor.
3. Cyclosporine is passed from a mother to her unborn baby and to a breast-fed baby.
4. Do not breast-feed if you take cyclosporine.
5. Do not allow anyone else to take this medication.

Storage Conditions :
1. Keep this medication in the container it came in and out of the reach of children.
2. Protect it from heat, but do not refrigerate it.
3. Do not keep cyclosporine for more than two months after opening the container.

CYCLOPHOSPHAMIDE

Generic Name : CYCLOPHOSPHAMIDE

TradeName : CYCLOPHOSPHAMIDE vial CYCLOXAN inj CYCLOXAN tab CYCRAME vial CYDOXAN vial CYPHOS vial ELDAMIDE inj ELDAMIDE tab ENDOXAN tab ENDOXAN-ASTA tab ENDOXAN-ASTA vial LEDOXAN inj LEDOXAN tab NEOPHOS vial ONCOMIDE tab ONCOMIDE vial ONCOPHOS vial ONCOXAN vial SHANMYDE vial UNIPHOS tab UNIPHOS vial

Why it is prescribed (Indications) : This medication is prescribed for many types of cancers like lymphatic cancer, cancer of white blood cells and plasma cells, etc, it is an alkylating agent; it slows or stops the growth of cancer cells in your body.

When it is not to be taken (Contraindications) : It may cause bladder bleeding in patients with bone-marrow defect, acute infection, and drug- or radiation-induced urinary tract toxicity, harmful to pregnancy and lactation.

When it is to be taken
: 1 to 5 mg/kg daily for both initial and maintenance treatment, adjust dosage according to patient’s condition and body weight.

How it should be taken
: Should be taken on an empty stomach.

Special Instruction :
*It may cause blood disorders. *Caution should be exercised in elderly or debilitated, diabetic patients, who have undergone adrenal removal operation. *Monitor blood profile and presence of RBCs in urine regularly. *Maintain adequate hydration and frequent urination to reduce the risk of cystitis.

Side Effects :
Heart:
Acute cardiac toxicity, heart failure, blood in the pericardium, fluid accumulation, irreversible destruction of heart muscle, inflammation of pericardium. CNS:
Lack of energy, general discomfort.
SKIN:
Hair loss, nail changes, skin pigmentation, skin rash, toxic epidermal blistering.
GI:
Abdominal discomfort and pain, loss of appetite, diarrhea, bleeding in colon, sore throat, nausea, vomiting.
Harmone:
Syndrome of inappropriate anti- diuretic hormone hyper secretion
Genitourinary:
Absence of a menstrual period associated with decreased estrogen and increased gonadotropin secretion, atypical urinary bladder epithelial cells in the urine, absence of sperm, urinary bladder inflammation, blood in urine, impairment of fertility, cyst in ovary, death of tubular cells , urinary bladder cyst.
Liver:
Jaundice.
Blood-Lymphatic:
Decrease in all types of blood cells with fever.
Hypersensitivity:
Systemic vasodilatation which results in low blood pressure, including death.
Scarring of both lungs, scarring and thickening of the lung tissues.
Miscellaneous:
Infections, cancers caused by treatment with radiation or chemotherapy.

Other Precautions :
It may cause absence of menstrual period in women.

Storage Conditions :
Store at 25°C. Store it in air tight container and keep away from children.

Cyclobenzaprine

Generic Name : Cyclobenzaprine

TradeName : Flexeril

Why it is prescribed (Indications) : Cyclobenzaprine, a muscle relaxant, relieves pain and stiffness caused by muscle strains and sprains.

When it is to be taken : Cyclobenzaprine usually is taken two to four times a day. Follow the instructions on your prescription label carefully. Do not take this drug for more than three weeks without consulting your doctor.

How it should be taken
: Cyclobenzaprine comes in the form of tablets. Your prescription label tells you how much to take at each dose.

Special Instruction :
1. Cyclobenzaprine can decrease alertness and coordination. Do not drive a car or operate dangerous machinery until you know how it affects you.
2. Follow your doctor's instructions for rest and exercise. This conduct is as important as remembering to take your medication.
3. If you forget to take a dose, take the missed dose as soon as you remember it and take any remaining doses for that day at evenly spaced intervals.

Side Effects :
1. Drowsiness, dizziness, weakness, fatigue, indigestion, nausea, constipation, bad taste in mouth, headache, blurred vision, nervousness, confusion. If these effects persist or become severe, contact your doctor.
2. Dry mouth. Such sugarless hard candies or lozenges.

Other Precautions :

1. Before taking cyclobenzaprine, tell your doctor if you have glaucoma, an overactive thyroid gland, heart disease, or difficulty urinating or if you are pregnant or breast-feeding.
2. Before you take this medication, tell your doctor what prescription and nonprescription medications you are taking, especially cimetidine and antidepressants.
3. Do not take sedatives, tranquilizers, sleeping pills, or medication for allergies, asthma, coughs, or colds while taking cyclobenzaprine without consulting your doctor.
4. Do not drink alcoholic beverages while taking this drug.
5. Alcohol adds to the dizziness and drowsiness caused by cyclobenzaprine.
6. Do not allow anyone else to take this medication.

Storage Conditions :
Keep this medication in the container it came in, tightly closed, and out of the reach of children. Store it at room temperature, away from excess heat.

Cromolyn Sodium Oral Inhalation

Generic Name : Cromolyn Sodium Oral Inhalation

TradeName : Intal

Why it is prescribed (Indications) : Cromolyn sodium is used to prevent the breathing difficulty i.e., bronchospasm of asthma attacks due to exercise, allergies, and other factors.

When it is to be taken
: Cromolyn sodium must be taken on a regular schedule (usually three or four times a day) to prevent asthma attacks or allergy symptoms. It is not used after an asthma attack has started. It is most effective when used before exposure to substances that cause allergies (e.g., pollen). If you have seasonal allergies, use cromolyn sodium until the season is over. To prevent breathing difficulty, use cromolyn sodium less than one hour before exercising or exposure to a substance known to cause bronchospasm. Follow the instrutions on your prescription label carefully. Allergy symptoms and asthma usually improve within two to four weeks, although improvement in asthma may not occur for six to eight weeks. When used before exercise, cromolyn sodium prevents breathing difficulty for up to four hours.

How it should be taken :
Cromolyn sodium inhalation comes as a powder in capsules, an aerosol, and a liquid for use in a special inhaler. Do not swallow the capsules. Do not remove a capsules from its foil until you are ready to use it, and handle it as little as possible. Moistu

Special Instruction :
1. Inhalation devices require regular cleaning and may need to be replaced periodically.
2. Follow the instructions that come with your device.
3. Do not use more or less of the medication than as prescribed by your doctor.
4. If your symptoms have not improved after four weeks, notify your dotor.
5. If you forget to take a dose, take the missed dose as soon as you remember it. Take any remaining doses for that day at evenly spaced intervals. Do not take a double dose.

Side Effects :
1. Irritation of the throat and air passages, bad taste, cough. Rinse your mouth and gargle after each dose. Be sure that you use the inhaler correctly. If these side effects contunue, contact your doctor.
2. Increased difficulty breathing, wheezing, sneezing, stuffy nose. Contact your doctor if these effects are severe or persist.
3. Lightheadedness. Remove the mouthpiece or mask and pause for a while.

Other Precautions :
1. Before using cromolyn sodium powder in capsules for inhalation, tell your doctor if you have a lactase deficiency.
2. Before using this medication, tell your doctor if you have a history of heart disease.
3. Women who are pregnant or breast-feeding should inform their doctors.
4. Do not use cromolyn sodium after an asthma attack has started; it can make breathing more difficult.
5. Do not allow anyone else to use this medication.

Storage Conditions :
Keep cromolyn sodiun out of the reach of children. Store it at room temperature. Protect it from heat, light, and moisture.

Cromolyn Sodium Nasal Solution

Generic Name : Cromolyn Sodium Nasal Solution

TradeName : Nasalcrom

Why it is prescribed (Indications)
: Cromolyn sodium nasal solution is used to prevent and treat the stuffy nose, sneezing, and postnasal drip of allergies.

When it is to be taken : Cromolyn sodium nasal solution must be used on a regular schedule (usually three or four times a day) to prevent allergy symptoms. It is most effective when used before exposure to substances that cause allergies. If you have seasonal allergies, continue to use the drug until the season is over. Follow the instructions on your prescription lable carefully. Improvement in allergy symptoms usually occurs within two to four weeks

How it should be taken :
Cromolyn sodium comes in the form of liquid for nasal use in a bottle with a special nasal spray applicator. To use the nasal spray, first blow your nose and clear it as much as possible. Then follow the direction provided, making sure to breathe in throu

Special Instruction :
1. If you forget to take a dose, take this missed dose as soon as you remember it. Take any remaining doses for that day at evenly spaced intervals. However, if you remember the missed dose when it is almost time for your next scheduled dose, omit the missed dose. Do not take a double dose.
2. Do not allow anyone else to use this drug.

Side Effects :

Sneezing; temporary nasal burning, stinging, and irritationl unpleasant taste; headache. Contact your doctor if these effects persist or are severe.

Other Precautions :
1. Women who are pregnant or breast-feeding should inform their doctors.
2. Do not use more or less of the medication than prescribed.
3. Do not allow anyone else to use this medication.

Storage Conditions :
Keep cromolyn sodium out of the reach of children. Store it at room temperature. Protect if from heat, light, and moisture.

Co-trimoxazole

Generic Name : Co-trimoxazole

TradeName : Actiprim, Alcorim, Alcorim F, Antrima, Bactrim, Ciplin, Ciplin DS, Consulf - DS, Consulf – P, Consulf - SS, Cotran DS, Cotran S.S, Dicprim, Fortrim DS, Glucoprim-S, Larprim, Matrim, Methoxaprim, Mountrim, Neoprim Susp, Otrim, Rizol, Rizol DS, Sepmax, Septran, Synastat, Tabr

Why it is prescribed (Indications)
: Co-trimoxazole is a combination of trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole, a sulfa drug. It eliminates bacteria that cause various infections, especially infections of the urinary tract, lungs (pneumonia), ears, and intestines. It also is used to treat "travelers' diarrhoea".

When it is to be taken : Co-trimoxazole usually is taken two to four times a day. Follow the instructions on your prescription label carefully.Doses should be taken at evenly spaced intervales around the clock. For example, if you are to take this drug twice a day, take a dose every 12 hours.

How it should be taken
: This drug comes in the form of tablets and suspension i.e.,oral liquid. Your prescription label tells you how much to take at each dose. Shake the bottle well before each use to mix the medication evenly.

Special Instruction :
1. Drink at least eight glasses of liquid every day. This medication can make your skin more sensitive to sunlight than usual.
2. If you will be outside for long periods, wear protective clothing and use a sunscreen preparation.
3. Take all of the medication prescribed, even after you begin to feel well. Failure to do so could allow the infection to return.
4. Do not stop taking this medication without your doctor's consent. If your symptoms do not improve within a few days or if you still have signs of infection after taking all of your medication, contact your doctor.
5. Keep all appointments with your doctor and the laboratory. You probably will have periodic blood tests if you take this medication for more than two weeks and a followup urine test if you take it for a urinary tract infection.
6. If you forget to take a dose, take the missed dose as soon as you remember and resume your regular dosing schedule. If you remember the missed dose near the time you are due to take the next dose, space the missed dose and the regularly scheduled dose two to three hours apart. Then resume your regular dosing schedule.

Side Effects :
1. Nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite. Take the drug with food. If these effects are severe or persist, contact your doctor.
2. Skin rash, itching, sore throat, fever, chills, mouth sores, unusual bruising or bleeding, yellowing of skin or eyes, paleness, joint aches. Contact your doctor.

Other Precautions :
1. Beofre you take this drug, tell your doctor what prescription and nonprescription drugs you are taking, particularly methotrexate, phenytoin, and warfarin.
2. Before you take co-trimoxazole, tell your doctor if you ever had a bad reaction to any sulfa drug or oral diabetes drug; if you have liver or kidney disease, asthma, severe, allergies or if you are pregnant (or may become pregnant) or breast-feeding.
3. Do not allow anyone else to take this medication.

Storage Conditions :

Keep this medication in the container it came in, tightly closed, and out of the reach of children. Store it at room temperature but do not refrigerate

Colestipol

Generic Name : Colestipol

TradeName : Colestid

Why it is prescribed (Indications) : Colestipol is used with diet therapy to reduce the amount of cholesterol and certain fatty substances in your blood. Accumulation of cholesterol and fats along the walls of your arteries decreases blood flow and, therefore, the oxygen supply to your heart, brain, and other parts of your body. Lowering your blood level of cholesterol and fats may help to prevent heart disease, angina (chest pain), strokes, and heart attacks.

When it is to be taken : Colestipol usually is taken two to four times a day. Follow the instructions on your prescription lable carefully. Take all other medications at least one hour before or four hours after you take colestipol because colestipol can interfere with their absorption.

How it should be taken : Colestipol comes in the form of granules. Your prescription label tells you how much to take at each dose. Do not take the granules dry. Add them to at least three ounces of a liquid (e.g., fruit juice, water, milk, or soft drink) and stir until completel

Special Instruction :
1. You probably will have blood tests periodically to determine the amount of cholesterol and fats in your blood. Keep all appointments with your doctor and the laboratory so that your response to this medication can be evaluated.
2. The major risk factors in developing atherosclerosis (and heart attacks and strokes) are high blood levels of cholesterol and fats, obesity, cigarette smoking, high blood pressure, and diabetes.
3. Follow your doctor's advice on smoking, diet, exercise, and weight control.
4. If you have high blood pressure or diabetes, take your medication regularly and follow your doctor's dietary instructions (e.g., low-sodium or low-salt diet for high blood pressure).
5. Special dietary instructions should be followed. Eat a low-cholesterol, low fat diet: cottage cheese, fat-free milk, egg whites, fish, vegetables, poultry, and polyunsaturated oils and margarines. Avoid meat (especially liver and fatty meat), egg yolks, whole milk, cream, butter, pastries, cakes, cookies, gravy, peanut butter, chocolate, olives, potato chips, coconut, cheese, coconut and palm oils, and other fatty and fried foods.
6. If you forget to take a dose, take the missed dose as soon as you remember it and take any remaining doses for that day at evenly spaced intervals. Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed dose.

Side Effects :
1. Constipation. Eat a high-fiber diet (extra fruits, vegetables, salads, and bran). Ask your doctor to recommend a stool softener. If constipation persists or is severe, contact your doctor.
2. Belching, nausea, vomiting, gas. Contact your doctor if these effects are severe or persist.
3. Unusual bleeding. Contact your doctor. You may need to take vitamin K.

Other Precautions :
1. Before you take colestipol, tell your doctor if you are pregnant, breast-feeding, or constipated; have a history of unusual bleeding; or have hermorrhoids, an underactive thyroid gland, or heart or intestinal disease.
2. Before you take this drug, tell your doctor what prescription and nonprescription drugs you are taking, especially digitoxin, digoxin, penicillin, propranolol, tetracycline, and oral diabetes medication.
3. Do not stop taking colestipol without consulting your doctor. Stopping colestipol can affect your response to other drugs.
4. Do not allow anyone else to take this medication.

Storage Conditions :

Keep this medication in the container it came in, tightly closed, and out of the reach of children. Store it at room temperature and away from moisture.

Colchicine

Generic Name : Colchicine

TradeName : Colchicindon, Goutnil

Why it is prescribed (Indications) : Colchicine relieves inflammation and swelling caused by attacks of gout or gouty arthritis. It also may be taken regularly to prevent and reduce the severity of attacks.

When it is to be taken : If you are using colchicine to relieve attack symptoms, start taking it at the first sign of pain. Relief usually will begin within 12 hours, and symptoms will disapper within 48 to 72 hours. This medication will not be fully effective if you do not take it as soon as you feel pain. Continue to take this medication as directed on your prescription lable until the pain is relieved or you have nausea, vomiting, or diarrhoea. Your prescription label gives specific instructions for how often to take colchicine and how much to take at each dose. If you are taking colchicine regularly to prevent and reduce the severity of attachs, follow the instructions on your prescription label carefully. If you take this medication once a day or once every few days, try to take it at the same time you perform some regular activity, such as brushing your teeth in the morning or eating dinner, to help you remember it.

How it should be taken :
Colchicine comes in the form of tablets. Your prescription label gives specific information on how much to take at each dose. If you have any questions about whether to continue taking this drug, ask your doctor.

Special Instruction :
1. If you are taking colchicine to relieve attack symptoms, try to take every dose at its regularly scheduled time. If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember it. However, if you remember a missed dose at the time you are schedule to take the next dose, take only the regularly scheduled dose. Do not take a double dose.
2. If you are taking colchicine to prevent attacks and you miss a dose, omit it completely and do not take an extra dose the following day.

Side Effects :
1. Nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, stomach discomfort. Stop taking the medication and contact your doctor.
2. Skin rash, fever, sore throat, unusual bleeding or bruising. Stop taking the medication and contact your doctor immediately.

Other Precautions :

1. Women who are pregnant or may become pregnant should tell their doctors before taking colchicine.
2. Tell your doctor what prescription and nonprescription drugs you are taking.
3. If you have kidney, stomach, intestinal, or heart problems, tell your doctor before you take colchicine.
4. If you are to take a urine test while using this medication, tell the doctor or laboratory personnel that you are taking colchicine because colchicine may affect the test results.
5. Do not allow anyone else to take this medication.

Storage Conditions :
Keep this medication in the container it came in, tightly closed, and out of the reach of children.

Clozapine

Generic Name : Clozapine

TradeName : Leponex, Lozapin, Sizopin, Skizoril

Why it is prescribed (Indications) : Clozapine is used to treat severe emotional and mental conditions.

When it is to be taken : Clozapine is usually taken one to three times a day. Follow the instructions on your prescription label carefully.

How it should be taken : Clozapine comes in the form of tablets. Your prescription lable tells you how much to take at each dose.

Special Instruction :
1. Keep all appointments with your doctor and the laboratory so that your response to this drug can be evaluated. Your dose may need to be adjusted, especially drug the first few weeks.
2. You probably will have weekly blood test while taking clozapine and for four weeks after discontinuing it.
3. Take clozapine exactly as your doctor has directed. Do not take more or less of it and do not take it more or less often than as instructed.
4. Do not stop taking clozapine without consulting your doctor. Your doctor may want to decrease your dose gradually.
5. Clozapine cause drowsiness, dizziness, and seizures in some people. Avoid driving a car, operating dangerous machinery, or participating in hazardous activities while taking clozapine.
6. Avoid alocholic beverages. Alcohol can add to the drowsiness and other side effects caused by this drug.
7. If you forget to take a dose, take it as soon as you remember and take any remaining dosese for that day at evenly spaced intervals. However, if you remember a missed dose when it is almost time for your next dose, take only the scheduled dose. Do not take a double dose.

Side Effects :
1. Dry mouth. Suck sugarless hard candies or chew sugarless gum.
2. Dizziness, especially when getting up from a sitting or lying position. Get up slowly.
3. Drowsiness, sweating, excessive salivation. Contact your doctor; your doctor may adjust your dose or prescribe another drug to control these symptoms.
4. Constipation or diarrhoea, nausea, vomiting, headache, restlessness, vision problems. Contact your doctor if these symptoms persist or are severe.
5. Seizures, tremor, flu-like symptoms, sore throat, weakness, fever, mouth sores, any sign of infection. Contact your doctor immediately.
6. Fast or irregular heartbeat, difficulty breathing. Stop taking clozapine and contact your doctor immediately.

Other Precautions :
1. Tell your doctor what prescription and nonprescription medications you are taking or plan to take, especially drugs for high blood pressure, anticoagulants, and digoxin.
2. Tell your doctor your entire medical background, especially if you have a history of glaucoma, seizures, or epilepsy; heart, kidney, or liver disease; or an enlarged prostate gland.
3. Women who are pregnant or plan to become pregnant should inform their doctors.
4. Do not breast-feed while taking clozapine.

Storage Conditions :
Keep this medication in the container it came in and out of the reach of children.

Clotrimazole

Generic Name : Clotrimazole

TradeName : Cancap-VT, Candid - V Gel, Candid Vaginal, Candinil, Canesten, Clobrate VT, Clomax, Clomax V3, Clomax V7, Clomax Vaginal gel, Clotrin - V, CTM - V, Decand - V3, Decard - V6, Gynostatum, Gynotrim, IMIDIL vaginal, Lotril, Surfa z, Triben VT, Vagid

Why it is prescribed (Indications) : Clotrimazole stops the growth of organisms that cause vaginal infections; skin infections such as athlete's foot, jock itch, and body ringworm; and oral thrush.

When it is to be taken : Clotrimazole is usually used five times a day for oral thrush, twice a day for skin infections, and once a day at bedtime for vaginal infections. Clotrimazole must be used regularly to be effective. Follow the instructions on the package or your prescription label carefully. The itching of skin infections usually decreases within one week.

How it should be taken
: Clotrimazole comes in the form of cream, lotion, and liquid to be applied to the skin; lozenges to be dissolved in the mouth;and vaginal cream and tablets. The label on the package or your prescription label tells you how much to use at each dose. The top

Special Instruction :
1. If your doctor ordered clotrimazole for you, use all of the medication prescribed, even if you think that the infection has disappeared. Failure to do so could allow the infection to return.
2. If you obtained the skin cream or liquid without a prescription, use it for four weeks for athlete's foot and two weeks for jock itch or body ringworm. If your symptoms do not improve by that time, stop using the medication and consult a doctor.
3. If this is the first time you have had vaginal itching and discomfort, consult a physician before using clotrimazole. However, if a doctor previously told you that you had a yeast infection and you have the same symptoms again, use the vaginal cream or tablets as directed on the package for seven consecutive days, preferably at night.
4. If you obtained clotrimazole vaginal cream or tablets without a prescription and your symptoms do not improve within seven days, contact your doctor. If your symptoms return in less than two months, also contact your doctor.
5. Do not use clotrimazole vaginally if you have abdominal pain, fever, or foul-smelling discharge. Contact a physician immediately.
6. If you have a vaginal infection, wear clean cotton panties.
7. Keep this medication away from your eyes.
8. If you forget to take a dose, apply the missed dose when you remember it, and apply the next dose at the regularly scheduled time. However, if you remember a missed dose at the time you are scheduled to take the next one, omit the missed dose entirely. Do not use a doubledose.

Side Effects :
1. Itching, redness, swelling, and irritation of the skin. Stop using clotrimazole and contact your doctor.
2. Nausea, vomiting. Contact your doctor.
3. Burning, irritation. If these effects are severe, contact your dotor.

Other Precautions :

1. If you are pregnant, inform your doctor before using clotrimazole.
2. If you become pregnant while using clotrimazole,tell your doctor.

Storage Conditions :

Keep clotrimazole in the container it came in and out of the reach of children. Store it at room temperature.

Clorazepate

Generic Name : Clorazepate

TradeName : Tranxene

Why it is prescribed (Indications) :
Clorazepate is used to relieve anxiety. It also is used to control agitation caused by alcohol withdrawal as well as seizures or seizures caused by epilepsy.

When it is to be taken :
Clorazepate is taken one to four times a day. Follow the instructions on your prescription label carefully. Do not take clorazepate for anxiety for more than four months without consulting your doctor.

How it should be taken :
Clorazepate comes in the form of tablets and capsules. Your prescription label tells you how much to take at each dose.

Special Instruction :
1. If you are taking clorazepate to control seizures and have an increase in their frequency or severity, contact your doctor. Your dose may need to be adjusted.
2. Clorazepate can decrease alertness and coordination. Do not drive a car or operate dangerous machinery until you know how this drug affects you.
3. As clorazepate is habit-forming, do not take more of it, do not take it more often, and do not take it for a longer time than as directed.
4. Do not stop taking this drug without consulting your doctor, especially if you have been taking it for a long time.
5. Stopping the drug abruptly can worsen your condition and cause withdrawal symptoms. Your doctor probably will want to decrease your dose gradually.
6. Keep all appointments with your doctor and the laboratory. Your dose may need to be adjusted occasionally, and you may have blood tests periodically.

Side Effects :
1. Drowsiness, dizziness, muscle incoordination, fatigue, weakness, confusion, faintness. If these effects persist for more than a few days, contact your doctor.
2. Talkativeness, restlessness, anxiety, excitement, trembling, muscle spasms, sleeping problems, nightmares. Stop taking the medication and contact your doctor immediately.

Other Precautions :
1. Pregnant or breast-feeding women should inform their doctors. If you beocme pregnant, contact your doctor immeidatley.
2. Before you take this drug, tell your doctor what prescription and nonprescription drugs you are taking, including antacids, cimetidine, digoxin, disulfiram, levodopa, seizure medication, sleeping pills, prescription pain medication, medication for depression, barbiturates, tranquilizers, sedatives, antihistamines, and medication for allergies and colds.
3. Do not drink alcoholic beverages. Alcohol adds to the drowsiness and dizziness caused by this drug.
4. Do not smoke while taking clorazepate. Smoking can decrease its effectiveness.
5. If you have liver or kidney disease, tell your doctor before you take this drug. Do not allow anyone else to take this medication.

Storage Conditions :
Keep this medication in the container it came in, tightly closed, and out of the reach of children. Store it at room temperature, away from light and excess heat.

Clopamide

Generic Name : Clopamide

TradeName
: BRINALDIX

Why it is prescribed (Indications) : It causes diuresis by inhibiting the reabsorption of sodium & chloride in renal tubule.

When it is to be taken : The medication is taken as 20mg tablets orally OD.

How it should be taken :
It comes as 20mg tablets.

Special Instruction :
Inform your doctor if you have diabetes, gout, renal ehepatic failure & hyponatrenia.

Side Effects :
Inform your doctor if you have diabetes, gout, renal ehepatic failure & hyponatrenia.

Other Precautions :
Contraindicated in case of pregnancy & lactation. May be used in case of oldage.

Storage Conditions :
Store at room temperature.

Clonidine

Generic Name : Clonidine

TradeName : Arkamin, Catapres

Why it is prescribed (Indications) :
Clonidine controls high blood pressure by relaxing the blood vessels so that blood can flow more easily through the body. It has also been used to prevent migraine headaches.

When it is to be taken
: In tablet form, this durg usually is taken twice a day. When applied to the skin, clonidine is used once every seven days. Follow the instructions on your prescription label carefully. This medication controls high blood pressure but does not cure it. Therefore, it is important that you use it regularly. The tablets should be taken at evenly spaced intervals. If you are to take clonidine twice a day, take one dose at bedtime and the second dose 12 hours later.

How it should be taken : Clonidine comes in the form of tablets and as patches that are applied to the skin. Your prescription label tells you how much to take at each dose. Your doctor may change your dose from time to time, especially when you first start taking the drug, until

Special Instruction :

1. Clonidine makes some people drowsy. Do not drive a car or operate dangerous machinery until you know how it affects you.
2. Alcohol, sleeping pills, and narcotics may increase the drowsiness caused by the drug. Ask your doctor for advice about the safe use of alcohol and other drugs while you take clonidine.
3. Your blood pressure should be checked regularly, and your eyes may be examined occasionally.
4. Do not skip doses or stop taking clonidine, even if you feel well without consulting your doctor.
5. Your doctor probably will want to decrease your dose gradually.
6. Be sure that you have enough medication on hand at all times, especially for vacations and holidays.
7. If you forget to take a dose, take the missed dose as soon as you remember it. However, if yu remember a missed dose at the time you are scheduled to take the next one, take only one dose. Do not take a double dose.

Side Effects :
1. Dry mouth. Chew gum or suck or sugarless hard candies. This problem should disappear as you continue to take clonidine.
2. Drowsiness, dizziness, fatigue, headache. These effects are common during the first few weeks of therapy and may go away.
3. Dizziness may be minimized by arising slowly from a sitting or lying position. If these effects are severe or persistent, contact your doctor.
4. Itching, skin irritation, rashes, decreased sexual ability. Consult your doctor.

Other Precautions :
1. Before you take clonidine, tell your doctor what prescription and nonprescription drugs you are taking.
2. If you are a pregnant or breast-feeding women tell your doctor before taking clonidine.
3. Tell your doctor if you have heart or circulatory problems or suffer from mental depression.
4. Before having surgery, including dental surgery, tell the doctor about your blood pressure medications.
5. Do not allow anyone else to take this medication.

Storage Conditions :
Keep this medication in the container it came in, at room temperature, and out of the reach of children.

Clonazepam

Generic Name : Clonazepam

TradeName
: Clonotril, Lonazep, Rivotril, Klonopin

Why it is prescribed (Indications)
: Clonazepam is used to control seizures, including seizures caused by epilepsy.

When it is to be taken
: Clonazepam usually is taken three times a day, including a dose at bedtime. Follow the instructions on your prescription label carefully.

How it should be taken
: Clonazepam comes in the form of tablets. Your prescription label tells you how much to take at each dose.

Special Instruction :

1. If the severity of your seizures increases, contact your doctor.
2. The drug can lose its effectiveness after several months or years.
3. Clonazepam can decrease alertness and coordination. Do not drive a car or operate dangerous machinery until you know how this durg affects you.
4. As clonazepam is habit-forming, do not take more of it, do not take it more often, and do not take it for a longer time than as directed.
5. Do not stop taking this drug without consulting your doctor, especially if you have been taking large doses for a long time.
6. Stopping the drug abruptly can cause irritability, restlessness, sleeplessness, handtremors, sweating, abdominal and muscle cramps, vomiting, and seizures.
7. Your doctor probably will want to decrease your dose gradually. Keep all appointments with your doctor so that your response to the medication can be evaluated.
8. If you forget to take a dose, take it as soon as you remember and take any remaining doses for that day at evenly spaced intervals. However, if it is near that time for your next scheduled dose, omit the missed dose and take only the scheduled dose. Do not take a double dose.

Side Effects :

1. Drowsiness, muscle incoordination and behavioral problems like aggressiveness, irritability, agitation, excessive movement are seen. Contact your doctor if these effects persist.
2. Increased salivation, chest congestion, runny nose, shortness of breath. Contact your doctor.

Other Precautions :

1. Pregnant or breast-feeding women should inform their doctors.
2. If you become pregnant while taking clonazepam, contact your doctor but do not stop taking the drug.
3. Before taking clonazepam, tell your doctor what prescription and nonprescription medications you are taking, especially other seizure medication, cimetidine, disulfiram, levodopa, sleeping pills, prescription pain medication, barbiturates, sedatives, tranquilizers, antihistamines, and medication for allergies and colds.
4. Before taking clonazepam, tell your doctor if you have asthma, bronchitis, emphysema, or other lung disease; kidney disease; liver disease; or glaucoma.
5. Alcohol adds to the drowsiness caused by the drug, so limit your consumption of alcoholic beverages.
6. Do not smoke while taking clonazepam. Smoking can decrease its effectiveness.

Storage Conditions :
Keep this medication in the container it came in, tightly closed, and out of the reach of children. Store it at room temperature and away from light

Clomipramine

Generic Name : Clomipramine

TradeName : Anafranil, Clofranil, Clomidac, Clomifril, Clomizil, Clonil, Ocifril

Why it is prescribed (Indications) : Clomipramine is used to treat obsessions and compulsions in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder. It has also been used to treat depression, panic disorders and phobias.

When it is to be taken : Clomipramine is usually taken one to three times a day with meals or once a day at bedtime. Follow the instructions on your prescription label carefully. Clomipramine must be taken regulary to be effective. However, do not take more of it and do not take it more often than your doctor has directed.

How it should be taken : Clomipramine comes in the form of capsules. Your prescription label tells you how much to take at each dose.

Special Instruction :

1. Clomipramine makes some people drowsy or dizzy. Do not drive a car, operate dangerous machinery, swim, or climb until you know how it affects you.
2. Do not stop taking clomipramine without consulting your doctor.
3. Stopping the drug abruptly can cause side effects.
4. Your doctor probably will want to decrease your dose gradually to allow your body to adjust before stopping the drug completely.
5. Your dose and dosage schedule may need to be adjusted occasionally.
6. If you take clomipramine once a day at bedtime and do not remember it until morning, omit the missed dose. If you take several doses per day, take the missed dose as soon as you remember and take any remaining doses for that day at evenly spced intervals. However, if you remember a missed dose when it is almost time for your next scheduled dose, omit the missed dose entirely. Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed dose.

Side Effects :
1. Dry mouth. Suck sugarless hard candies.
2. Dizziness, lightheadedness, or faintness when getting up from a sitting or lying position. Get up slowly.
3. Drowsiness. If you take this drug more than once a day, ask your doctor if you can take it once a day at bedtime.
4. Nausea, vomiting, constipation or diarrhea. Take clomipramine with meals or a snack.
5. Nervousness, tiredness, weakness, confusion, difficulty sleeping, decreased sexual ability, decreased memory or concentration, headache, sweating, stuffy nose,chest congestion, change in appetite or weight. Contact your doctor if these effects persist or become severe.
6. Tremor, seizures, blurred vision, irregular heartbeat, difficulty urinating, eye pain, hallucinations, shakiness. Contact your doctor immediately.

Other Precautions :
1. Pregnant or breast-feeding women should inform their doctors before taking clomipramine. If you become pregnant while taking this drug, notify your doctor promptly.
2. Before taking clomipramine, tell your doctor your entire medical history, especially if you have a history of seizures, glaucoma, an overactive thyroid gland, low blood pressure, or liver or heart disease.
3. Tell your doctor if you ever had a bad reaction to any tricyclic antidepressant (amitriptyline, amoxapine, desipramine, doxepin, imipramine, maprotiline, nortriptyline, protriptyline, protriptyline, and trimipramine).
4. Do not take clomipramine if you have taken isocarboxazid, phenelzine or tranylcypromine in the last two weeks.
5. Tell your doctor what prescription and nonprescription drugs you are taking, especially medication for high blood pressure, ulcers, asthma, colds, or allergies; sedatives; tranquilizers; sleeping pills; anticoagulants such as warfarin ; digoxin; antihistamines; and methylphenidate.
6. Do not take any other medications or drink alcoholic beverages without consulting your doctor. Before you have medical treatment or surgery, tell your doctor that you are taking clomipramine.
7. Do not allow anyone else to take this medication.

Storage Conditions :

Keep clomipramine in the container it came in, tightly closed, and out of the reach of children. Store it at room temperature and away from moisture.

CLOMIPHENE

Generic Name : CLOMIPHENE

TradeName : CLOFERT tab CLOMIDAC TAB tab CLOMIRIV tab CLOMIT tab CLOPREG tab CLOWIN tab FERTIK tab FERTILIN tab FERTOMID tab FERTON tab FERTOTAB tab FERTOVA tab FETROP tab FOLISTIM tab FULFYN tab MEPHY tab OMICITE tab OVAGEN tab OVIPREG tab OVIPRO-MF FORTE SG-cap OVIPRO-MF SG-cap OVITEC tab OVOFAR tab OVUCLOM tab PREGMATE tab REJUN tab SIPHENE tab SIPHENE-M tab UBIPHENE tab

Why it is prescribed (Indications) : This medication is an ovulatory stimulant, prescribed for infertility due to anovulation. It increases production of gonadotropins and causes the ovaries to release 1 or more eggs.

When it is not to be taken (Contraindications)
: Hypersensitivity; abnormal bleeding; pregnancy, lactation; liver dysfunction; uncontrolled thyroid or adrenal dysfunction, patient with an organic intracranial lesion such as pituitary tumor.

When it is to be taken
: Oral: 50 mg/day for 5 days starting on the 5th day of menstrual cycle or at any time if there is absence of a menstrual period. It may be increased to 100 mg/day for the 2nd course as early as 30 days after previous therapy if needed. Total max: 6 treatment cycles.

How it should be taken : It comes as a tablet to take by mouth. It is usually taken once a day for 5 days, beginning on or about day 5 of the cycle.

Special Instruction :

*It may cause, uterine fibroids, blurred vision, dizziness. Do not drive a car or operate machinery, especially in poor lighting, until you know how this medication affects you. *Polycystic ovaries, evaluate presence of ovarian cyst before each cycle treatment.

Side Effects :
HEART- Vasomotor flushes.
CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM- Headache, dizziness; lightheadedness.
EYE- Visual symptoms; blurring spots or flashes; double vision, photophobia.
GI- Abdominal pain/discomfort; distension; bloating; nausea; vomiting.
GENITOURINARY- Multiple pregnancies, abnormal uterine bleeding; abnormal ovarian enlargement, luteal cyst (a type of ovarian cyst) formation, ovarian hyper stimulation syndrome, risk of ovarian tumor.
LIVER- Liver function tests abnormalities.
MISCELLANEOUS- Breast tenderness.

Other Precautions :

Pregnancy with more than 1 fetus (eg, twins) is possible while taking this medication.Consult with your doctor about multiple pregnancy.

Storage Conditions :
Oral: Store at 15-30°C.Store it in room temperature and in airtight container.

Clobetasol

Generic Name : Clobetasol

TradeName : Betanate, Clobetamil, Clobetavate, Clonit, DermotylSkinCream, Exel, Lobate, Powercort, Steriderm-S, Tenovate, Topifort, Topinate,

Why it is prescribed (Indications) : Clobetasol is used to treat itching, redness, dryness, crusting, scaling, inflammation, and doscomfort of various skin and scalp conditions.

When it is to be taken
: Clobetasol is used once or twice a day, in the morning and evening, or three times a week. Follow the instructions on your prescription label. Do not use clobetasol for longer than 14 days without your doctor's approval.

How it should be taken
: Clobetasol comes in the form of cream and ointment for use on the skin and in the form of lotion to apply to the scalp. Wash the affected skin area thoroughly; then apply the medication sparingly in a thin film and rub it in gently. However, if washing ir

Special Instruction :

1. Use clobetasol exactly as prescribed. Do not apply more of it, do not apply it more often, and do not use it for a longer time than as directed on your prescription label.
2. Clobetasol can be absorbed into your body if used in large amounts and can cause harmful effects.
3. Do not use clobetasol for other skin problems, and do not apply it to areas of your body other than as prescribed.
4. Do not apply cosmetics, lotions, or other skin preprations to the treated area unless your doctor specifically tells you to do.
5. If your skin problem continues or worsens or if the treated area gets infected (red, warm, or swollen) or oozes pus, contact your doctor.
6. If you forget to take a dose, apply the missed dose as soon as you remember it. However, if it is near the time for your next scheduled dose, apply only the scheduled dose. Do not apply a double dose.

Side Effects :
Although side effects from clobetasol are not common, they can occur. Itching, burning and irritation are rarely seen. Contact your doctor.

Other Precautions :

1. If you have an infection, tell your doctor before using clobetasol.
2. Pregnant women should inform their doctors before using this drug.
3. Discard any unused medication after your treatment course is completed.
4. Do not use this drug to treat other skin problems.
5. Do not allow anyone else to use this medication without a doctor's prescription, especially children.

Storage Conditions :

Keep this medication out of the reach of children. Store it at room temperature.

Clobazam

Generic Name : Clobazam

TradeName : Aedon, Clodus, Clozam, frisium, Cobazam

Why it is prescribed (Indications) : This medication is used to treat seizure disorders. It belongs to 1,5 benzodiazepine class and reduces physcomotor depression.It has an antiepleptic activity which acts by binding to one or more specific GABA receptors.

When it is to be taken
: Administer as IV injection every 8-12 hours in the case of childrens.In the case of sleep,administer 1-2mg/kg IM dosage and repeat SOS after 12-24 hours.In the case of epilepsy administer IV dose of 10-20 mgs/kg as a loading dose followed after interval of 5 minutes of 5-10mg/kg dose to be repeated for 20 minutes.Administer 30-210 mgs daily in divided doses in the cae of adults.

How it should be taken : The medication comes in the form of injectables.

Special Instruction :
Do not increase the dosage because you may get addicted.Do not stop the dosage without doctors advice.

Side Effects :
Drowsiness,fatigue,tiredness,loss of coordination,nausea,vomitting,dry mouth,tremor,depression ,rash,swelling,dizziness and breathing trouble are the common side effects of this drug.

Other Precautions :
Contraindicated in the case of pregnancy
and lactation.

Storage Conditions :
Store at 15-30 degree celsius.

Clioquinol

Generic Name : Clioquinol

TradeName : Vioform, Iodochlorhydroxyquin

Why it is prescribed (Indications) : Clioquinol, an antifungal agent, is used for skin infections such as athlete's foot, jock itch and ringworm.

When it is to be taken : Clioquinol is usually used two or three times a day for four weeks. It must be used regularly to be effective. Follow the instructions on the package carefully.

How it should be taken
: Clioquinol comes in the form of cream and ointment to be applied topically on to the skin. Thoroughly clean the infected area and then gently rub the medication in until most of it disappears. Use just enough medication to cover the affected area.

Special Instruction :
1. Do not let clioquinol get into your eyes and do not swallow it.
2. Do not apply cosmetics, lotions or other skin preparations to the area being treated unless a doctor instructs you to do otherwise.
3. If you forget to take a dose, apply the missed dose as soon as you remember it. Apply any remaining doses for that day at evenly spaced intervals.

Side Effects :
When used as directed, clioquinol is virtually free of side effects.

Other Precautions :
If the infection persists or worsens, consult a doctor.

Storage Conditions :
Keep this medication in the container it came in, tightly closed, and out of the reach of children. Protect it from light and store it at room temperature. Do not allow it to freeze.

Clindamycin

Generic Name : Clindamycin

TradeName : Clincin, Dalacin C, Dalcap, Cleocin

Why it is prescribed (Indications) : Clindamycin, an antibiotic, is used to treat infections of the respiratory tract, acne, pelvis and abdomen.

When it is to be taken
: Clindamycin is usually taken every six hours for serious infections or twice a day for ance. Follow the instructions on your prescription label carefully. Doses should be taken at intervals as far apart as possible throughout the day. For example, if you are to take clindamycin four times a day, it is best to take a dose every six hours. However, if you cannot take it around the clock, take it at evenly spaced intervals between the time you wake up in the morning and the time you go to bed (e.g., at 7 a.m., noon, 5 p.m., and 10 p.m.). For ance, it may take up to 12 weeks for the full effect of the drug to be seen.

How it should be taken : Clindamycin comes in the form of capsules, oral liquid and topical liquid for skin infections. Your prescription label tells you how much to take at each dose. Drink a full glass of water after each dose. The topical liquid should be applied in a thin fil

Special Instruction :
1. Take all of the medication prescribed, even after the infection appears to have gone away. Failure to do so could allow the infection to return.
2. If you are using topical clindamycin, ask your doctor for advice on the use of other acne medications and cosmetics.
3. Some cosmetics make acne worse and interfere with the effectiveness of this medication.
4. If you forget to take a dose, take a missed oral dose as soon as you remember it and take any remaining doses for that day at evenly spaced intervals. Omit a missed topical dose.

Side Effects :

1. Nausea, vomiting, gas, diarrhea. Contact your doctor if diarrhoea lasts for more than two days or if you have five or more bowel movements a day.
2. Do not take any medication for diarrhea before talking to your doctor.
3. Skin rash. Stop taking the drug and contact your doctor immediately.
4. Topical clindamycin can cuase dry skin, redness, irritation, peeling, oiliness, itching and burning. Contact your doctor if these effects are severe or persist.

Other Precautions :
1. Pregnant or breast-feeding women should inform their doctors.
2. Before you use this drug, tell your doctor about any other drugs you are taking, including nonprescription drugs.
3. If you have had colitis or any gastrointestinal disease, liver or kidney disease, or an allergic reaction to clindamycin or tartrazine, tell your doctor before you use clindamycin.

Storage Conditions :

1. Keep this medication in the container it came in and out of the reach of children.
2. Store clindamycin at room temperature. Do not put it in the refrigerator.
3. The oral liquid container has an expiry date on it. Do not take liqu

.

Clemastine

Generic Name : Clemastine

TradeName :
Clamist, Tavegyl, Tavist

Why it is prescribed (Indications) : Clemastine, an antihistamine, relieves symptoms caused by hay fever and allergies including itchy skin, hives, sneezing, runny nose, and irritated, itchy, watery eyes.

When it is to be taken
: Clemastine is usually taken twice a day. Follow the instructions on your prescription label carefully. Do not take this drug more often or take more doses in a 24-hour period than as directed on the label.

How it should be taken
: Clemastine comes in the form of tablets and oral liquid. Your prescription label tells you how much to take at each dose. You may obtain a specially marked measuring spoon to be sure of an accurate dose of the liquid.

Special Instruction :
1. Clemastine can cause drowsiness, dizziness and loss of coordination. Do not drive a car or operate dangerous machinery until you know how this drug affects you.
2. Do not drink alcoholic beverages while taking clemastine. Alcohol adds to the drowsiness caused by this drug.
3. If you forget to take a dose, take the missed dose as soon as you remember it. Take any remaining doses for that day at evenly spaced intervals. However, if you remember a missed dose near the time for your next scheduled dose, take only the scheduled dose. Do not take a double dose.

Side Effects :
1. Drowsiness, stomach upset, chest congestion. Contact your doctor if symptoms persist or severe.
2. Dry mouth, excitement, nervousness, enlargement of pupils in the eye, increased sensitivity to sunlight. Stop taking clemastine and contact your doctor.

Other Precautions :
1. If you take sleeping pills, sedatives, tranquilizers, muscle relaxants, medication for depression or seizures, narcotics, or other medication for colds, hay fever, or allergies, do not take clemastine whout your doctor's advice and supervision.
2. Do not take clemastine if you have taken Monoaminooxidase inhibitors like isocarboxazid, phenelzine or tranylcypromine in the last two weeks.
3. If you have asthma, lung disease, glaucoma, ulcers, difficulty urinating (due to an enlarged prostate gland), heart disease, high blood pressure, seizures, or an overactive thyroid gland or if you are pregnant or breast-feeding, do not take clemastine unless your doctor is aware of your condition and directs you to do so.

Storage Conditions :
Keep this medication in the container it came in, tightly closed, and out of the reach of children. Store it at room temperature, away from direct sunlight

CITALOPRAM

Generic Name : CITALOPRAM

TradeName : CELEPRA film-coated tab CELICA FC-tab CITADEP film-coated tab CITALOMINE tab CITALOP tab CITALOP TAB tab CITARA tab CITOLA film-coated tab CITOPAM tab C-PRAM tab C-TALO tab CYTOP tab FELIZ tab LOPRAM tab MADAM film-coated tab NEVDEP-20 tab PALOCIT tab POCITAL tab TOPDEP tab ULTIDEP tab ZETALO tab

Why it is prescribed (Indications) : This medication is prescribed for depression. It works by increasing the amount of serotonin, a natural substance in the brain that helps maintain mental balance.

When it is not to be taken (Contraindications) : Hypersensitivity, concomitant administration with MAOIs(Monoamine Oxidase inhibitors) or within 14 days of discontinuing MAOI treatment; concomitant use with Pimozide, children and adolescents <18 yr.

When it is to be taken : Oral Depression ,bipolar disorder(severe mood swings), Panic disorder( significant behavioral change), with or without agoraphobia(fear of being out of one’s home) Adult: Initially, 20 mg daily, increased to 40 mg once daily after at least 1 wk or 60 mg daily if necessary. Hepatic impairment: Recommended dose: 20 mg daily.

How it should be taken : It comes as a tablet and a solution (liquid) to take by mouth. It is usually taken once a day with or without food.

Special Instruction :
It may make you drowsy. Do not drive a car or operate machinery until you know how this medication affects you. It may develop suicidal thoughts in children, teenagers, and young adults. Watch all patients who take this medication closely. Citalopram and a medicine called Escitalopram have the same active ingredient. Do not take Citalopram if you are also taking Escitalopram. Inform your doctor if you have recently had a heart attack and if you have or have ever had seizures or liver, kidney, or heart disease. Serotonin syndrome and Neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS that can be caused by this medication. Symptoms may include fever; stiff muscles; confusion; abnormal thinking; fast or irregular heartbeat; and sweating. Contact your doctor at once if you have any of these symptoms.

Side Effects :
CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
Headache, tremor, fatigue, asthenia, dizziness, abnormal accommodation, drowsiness, sleeplessness, agitation, nervousness, anxiety, confusion, suicidal tendency.
GI’
Nausea, dry mouth, constipation, diarrhea, increased appetite, in some people loss of appetite, vomiting, abdominal pain, stomach upset, , flatulence, increased salivation.
SKIN
Increased sweating, rash, itching.
GENITOURINARY
Decreased sexual activities, impotence, ejaculation failure.
HEART
Palpitation, postural hypotension.
MISCELLANEOUS
Abnormal vision, yawning, weight loss, stuffy nose, low sodium level in the blood.

Other Precautions :
Do not drink alcohol while you are using this medication. Avoid abrupt withdrawal.

Storage Conditions
:
Oral: Store at 25°C. Store it in airtight container and keep away from children.

Cisplatin

Generic Name : Cisplatin

TradeName : Blastolem, Blastolem, Cisplan, CisplastinKorea, Cisplatin, Cytoplatin, Kemoplat, Neoplat, Oncoplatin-AQ, Platicis, Teraplatin

Why it is prescribed (Indications)
: Your doctor has ordered the drug cisplatin to help treat your illness. The drug will be injected into a vein. Cisplatin slows or stops the growth of cancer cells in your body. In addition to cisplatin, your doctor may have ordered other cancer-fighting drugs. This treatment is called combination therapy. Your doctor may measure the effectiveness of your treatment using laboratory tests and physical examinations. In general, the length of treatment depends on the types of drugs you are taking, how well your body responds to them and the type of cancer you have.

When it is to be taken :
This drug is available in the form of vial at different strengths.Cisplatin is administered as an infusion.Treatment repeats every 28 days for 2-6 courses, depending on the response.

How it should be taken :
The purpose of chemotherapy is to control your illness so that your own body can aid in your recovery. It is important to build up yor body's defense system and a balanced diet is needed to build a healthy body. Ask your doctor for advice about your diet.

Special Instruction :
1. You should not assume that you cannot get pregnant just because yo are on chemotherapy.
2. You should not plan to have children while receiving chemotherpy or for a while after treatment.
3. Use a reliable form of birth control to prevent pregnancy.

Side Effects :

1. Although not everyone experiences side effects during chemotherapy, some people do. If any of the effects becomes intolerable, let your doctor know.
2. You may lose your appetite or your appetite may be greater in the morning or at different times during the day than usual. Take advantage of these times and eat. Frequent small meals or snacks throughout the day may be easier to tolerate and will help you get the nutrients your body needs.
3. Common discomforts are nauea and vomiting. Your doctor may have ordered antinausea medications to prevent you from feeling sick.
4. Follow your doctor's instructions. Avoid eating favourite foods, large meals and spicy or hot foods when you feel nauseated.
5. Cisplatin commonly causes the body to lose electrolytes (salts) such as magnesium. Ask your doctor about foods rich in these substances.
6. If you notice any of the following symptoms, tell your doctor as soon as possible; swelling in the feet or ankles, sudden weight gain, fluid retention, ringing in the ears, hearing difficulty, difficulty walking, fever, chills, sore throat, unusual bleeding or bruising, wheezing and difficulty breathing.

Other Precautions :
1. The response rate and toxicity of the drug should be evaluated.
2. Patients are followed for every 3 months.
3. Dose modifications may be required.

Storage Conditions :
This drug is used only under the supervision of physician.

Ciprofloxacin and Tinidazole

Generic Name : Ciprofloxacin and Tinidazole

TradeName : Alcipro-TN,Avilox-TZ,Biocip-TZ,Cipran-CT,Floxy-TZ,Stop-IT,Tinro,Zoxan-TZ

Why it is prescribed (Indications) : This antibacterial combination is effective against both bacteria and protozoa.It is therefore used in the treatment of mixed infections,appendicitis,protozoal dysentery and post operative anaerobic infections.

When it is to be taken : The usual dose is one tablet twice a day for 5-10 days,to be taken 2 hours after a meal.

How it should be taken : Taken orally as tablets.

Special Instruction :
Fluid intake should be liberal.To be used cautiously in renal disease,history of seizures, and pregnancy.Alcohol intake to be avoided.Other drugs like Heparin must not be used along with this drug.

Side Effects :
Nausea,vomiting,headache,fatigue,depression,abdominal pain.

Other Precautions :
Contraindicated in hypersensitivity,children,lactation,blood and neurological disorders.

Storage Conditions :
To be stored in airtight place out of reach of children

Ciprofloxacin

Generic Name : Ciprofloxacin

TradeName : Abact, Alcipro, Baycip, Baycip-URO, Bekaycin, Bicipro, Biocip, BiocipIV, Careflox, Cebect, Cebran, Ceepro, Cifomed, Cifran, Cifraninfusion, CIP, Cipad, Cipic, Ciplox, CiploxIV, Ciporic, Cipride, Ciprind, Cipro, Ciproace, Ciprobact, Ciprobid, ciprocap, Ciprocore, Ciprodac, Cipr

Why it is prescribed (Indications)
: Ciprofloxacin, an antibiotic, eliminates bacteria that cause infections, including pneumonia and infections of the urinary tract, skin, bones and joints. It also is used to treat gastrointestinal infections.

When it is to be taken : Ciprofloxacin usually is taken twice a day for 7 to 14 days or longer. Follow the instructions of your prescription label.

How it should be taken
: Ciprofloxacin comes in the form of tablets. Your prescription label tells you how much to take at each dose. Take this medication with a full glass of water.

Special Instruction :
1. Take all of the medication prescribed, even after you begin to feel better. Failure to do so could allow the infection to return.
2. If your symptoms do not improve within a few days or if you still have signs of infection after taking your entire medication, contact your doctor.
3. Ciprofloxacin can cause dizziness and lightheadedness. Do not drive a car or operate dangerous machinery until you know how it affects you.
4. You may have urine test to determine your response to this drug.
5. Special dietary instructions should be followed. Drink at least eight full glasses of water or other liquids every day. Avoid consuming large amounts of coffee, tea and other caffeine-containing drinks or drugs.
6. Ciprofloxacin can make you more susceptible to nervousness, insomnia, palpitations, and anxiety caused by excessive caffeine.
7. It is important to take all doses of this medication on schedule, especially during the first few days of treatment, so that bacteria do not become resistant to ciprofloxacin.
8. Try to take ciprofloxacin at the same time that you do some other regular activity such as brushing your teeth in the morning or going to bed at night.

Side Effects :
1. Nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, abdominal pain or discomfort. Take this medication with a light snack or meals.
2. Headache, restlessness, skin rash. Contact your doctor if these effects are sever or persist.

Other Precautions :
1. Do not take antacids within four hours of taking ciprofloxacin.
2. Pregnant or breast-feeding women should inform their doctors.
3. Ciprofloxacin should not be taken during pregnancy. If you become pregnant while taking this drug, stop taking it and contact your doctor.
4. Before taking ciprofloxacin, tell your doctor what prescription and nonprescription drugs you are taking, especially theophyline, antacids and other anti-infective medications.
5. Before taking ciprofloxacin, tell your doctor if you have epilepsy or kidney disease.
6. Do not allow anyone else, especially a child, to take your medication.

Storage Conditions :
Store ciprofloxacin in the container it came in at room temperature. Keep it out of the reach of children.

Cinnarizine

Generic Name : Cinnarizine

TradeName
: CINTIGO, CINIZAN, DIZIRON, DOMPONCZ, DOMSTAL-CZ, MOSIC, STUGERON, STUGIL, VERIDOM, VERTIGON

Why it is prescribed (Indications)
: It is an antihistaminic drug which has anticholinergic, sedative, anti-5HT evasodilator actions.

When it is to be taken
: Adults: Vestibular disorders: 25-75mg TD, Motion Sicleress: 25mg 2 hrs before travel, 15mg every 8 hrs during journey if necessary. Childrens: 5-12 years. Half dose.

How it should be taken :
The medication comes in the form of 25 & 75 mgs.

Special Instruction :
Special precaution should be taken in the case of hypotension and during therapy, patients should not operate machinery or drive. Avoid alcohol.

Side Effects :
Sedation, skinrash, drowsiness and GI tract.

Other Precautions :

Safety not established in case of pregnancy. Use with caution in case of lactation & oldage.

Storage Conditions
:
Store at room temperature.

Cimetidine

Generic Name : Cimetidine

TradeName
: Cimitidine, Cimitiget, Cimitin, Lock-2, Tymidin, Ulciban, Tagamet

Why it is prescribed (Indications)
: Cimetidine decreases the amount of acid produced in the stomach. It is used to treat and prevent the recurrence of ulcers and to treat other conditions in which the stomach produces too much acid.

When it is to be taken :
Cimetidine is usually taken once a day, at bedtime. Follow the instructions on your prescription label carefully.It may take up to eight weeks for ulcers to heal.

How it should be taken : Cimetidine comes in the form of tablets and oral liquid. Your prescription label gives specific instructions regarding the dose and dosage formulations. Your doctor may instruct you to take antacids while you are using cimetidine, but do not take antiacid

Special Instruction :
1. Your doctor will want to check your response to this medication.
2. If you forget to take a dose, omit the missed dose completely. Take the next dose at the regularly scheduled time.

Side Effects :
Diarrhea, muscle pain, headache, dizziness, skin rash, breast enlargement, drowsiness and mental confusion. Contact your doctor.

Other Precautions :

1. Pregnant or breast-feeding women should inform their doctors before taking cimetidine.
2. Tell your doctor what prescription and nonprescription medications you are taking, especially anticoagulants such as warfarin; phenytoin, theophylline, and medication for high blood pressure or depression, before you take cimetidine.
3. If you have kidney or liver disease or are receiving chemothrapy or radiation treatments for cancer, tell your doctor before taking cimetidine.
4. If you have ulcers, do not smoke cigarettes. Smoking apparently inhibits ulcer healing.

Storage Conditions :
Keep this medication in a tightly closed container it came in and out of the reach of children.

CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN

Generic Name : CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN

TradeName : CHORAGON amp CHORIOLIFE amp CHORIOMON amp CORION amp CORLOVA vial FERGONAD-C amp FERTIGYN amp HUCHOGON inj HUCOG inj HUMUNIS vial LG IVF-C vial MATERNA HCG inj ORIGIN amp OVIDAC vial OVIDREL vial OVULATE-C amp OVUTRIG-HP amp PREGNYL inj PREGO-C vial PROFASI inj PROFERTI-C vial PROLIGON inj PROVIGIL amp PUBERGEN amp PUBERGEN-HP amp STIMOGON vial ZY-HCG vial

Why it is prescribed (Indications) : This medication is prescribed for infertility problems in certain women who have not gone through menopause and for certain testicular development problems. It is a glycoprotein hormone produced in pregnancy. It prevents the disintegration of the corpus luteum of the ovary and thereby maintains progesterone production.

When it is not to be taken (Contraindications) : Hypersensitivity; very early puberty, prostate cancer or other androgenic dependent neoplasm, pregnancy and lactation.

When it is to be taken : Dosage: Children (4 yr of age and older): IM (1) 4,000 units 3 times/wk for 3 wk, (2) 5,000 units every other day for 4 injections, (3) 15 injections of 500 to 1,000 units over a period of 6 wk, or (4) 500 units 3 times/wk for 4 to 6 wk (if not successful, another course is begun 1 mo later using 1,000 units/injection).
For treating men with problems related to low levels of male hormones: 500 to 1,000 USP Units three times a week for three weeks, followed by the same dose twice a week for three weeks. 4,000 USP Units three times weekly for six to nine months, following which the dosage may be reduced to 2,000 USP Units three times weekly for an additional three months.
Induction of ovulation and pregnancy in the anovulatory, infertile women: 5,000 to 10,000 USP Units one day following the last dose of menotropins. (A dosage of 10,000 USP Units is recommended in the labeling for menotropins).

How it should be taken : Injection administered by a doctor or hospital staff.

Special Instruction :
*You must receive a thorough gynecological exam before beginning treatment with this medication. *Use of this medication can increase your risk of multiple births (eg, twins or triplets), blood clots, enlarged ovaries, and ruptured ovarian cysts. Discuss this risk with your doctor. *Discontinue therapy if signs of precocious puberty are seen in patients treated for cryptorchidism. *Caution need for patients with cardiac or renal disease, epilepsy, migraine or asthma.

Side Effects :
CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM- Headache, irritability, restlessness, depression, fatigue.
GENITOURINARY- Precocious puberty, breast enlargement in male.
METABOLIC- Edema.
MISCELLANEOUS- Pain at injection site, arterial blood clot, shock, abdominal pain.

Other Precautions :
If you miss a dose of it, contact your doctor immediately.

Storage Conditions
:
It is usually handled and stored by a health care provider.

Cholestyramine Resin

Generic Name : Cholestyramine Resin

TradeName : Cholybar, Questran, Questran Light

Why it is prescribed (Indications) : Cholestyramine resin is used along with diet changes like restriction of cholesterol and fat intake.This would decrease the amount of cholesterol in your blood. Accumulation of cholesterol and fats along the walls of your arteries decreases blood flow and, therefore, the oxygen supply to your heart, brain and other body parts. Lowering your blood levels of cholesterol and fats may help to prevent heart disease, angina (chest pain), strokes and heart attacks. Cholestyramine resin also is used to relieve itching caused by some kinds of jaundice (yellowing of eyes and skin).

When it is to be taken
: Cholestyramine resin usually is taken two to four times a day. Follow the instructions on your prescription label carefully.Take the medication before a meal or at bedtime, and try to take other drug at least one hour before or four hours after you take cholestyramine resin.

How it should be taken : Cholestyramine resin comes in the form of chewable bar and in a powder that must be mixed with fluids or food. Do not take the powder alone. To take the powder form, follow these steps:
(1) Stir the powder into a glass of water, milk, heavy or pul

Special Instruction :
1. Your doctor may probably check the blood cholesterol level to evaluate your response to this medication.
2. Your doctor may change your dose from time to time, depending on your response.
3. Do not stop taking this medication or change the amount without talking to your doctor. This precaution is especially important if you also take other drugs; changing your cholestyramine resin dose may change their effects.
4. The major risk factors in developing atherosclerosis (and heart attacks and strokes) are high blood levels of cholesterol and fats, obesity, cigarette smoking, high blood pressure and diabetes.
5. Follow your doctor's advice on smoking, diet, exercise and weight control.
6. If you have high blood pressure or diabetes, take your medication regularly and follow your doctor's dietary instructions i.e., low-sodium or low-salt diet for high blood pressure.
7. Be sure that you have enough medication on hand at all times.
8. Special dietary instructions should be followed.Eat a low-cholesterol, low fat diet: cottage cheese, fat-free milk, fish (not canned in oil), vegetables, poultry, egg whites, and "polyunsaturated" oils and margarines (corn, safflower, and soybean oils). Avoid meat (especially liver and fatty meat), egg yolks, whole milk, cream, butter, lard, pastries, cakes, cookies, gravy, peanut butter, chocolate, olives, potato chips, coconut, cheese (other than cottage cheese), coconut oil, palm oil, and other fatty and fried foods.
9. This medication must be taken regularly to reduce the amount of cholesterol in your blood. Take the missed dose as soon as you remember it, but do not take a double dose to make up for a missed dose.

Side Effects
:
1. Constipation. Eat a high-fiber diet and drink plenty of liquids. If constipation is severe or persists, contact your doctor. Your doctor may prescribe a stool softener or laxative.
2. Bloating, abdominal pain, gas, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, loss of appetite, heartburn, indigestion. Bloating and gas often disappear as you continue using this drug. If any of these effects is severe or persists, contact your doctor. 3.Unusual bleeding, such as bleeding from the gums or rectum. Contact your doctor immediately.

Other Precautions :
1. Tell your doctor if you are constipated or if you have heart disease, especially angina (heart pain); stomach, intestinal, or gall bladder disease; or phenylketonuria.
2. Before you take this medication, tell your doctor what prescription and nonprescription drugs you are taking, especially amiodarone, chenodiol, digitoxin, digoxin, diuretics, iron, Iopermide, penicillin G, phenobarbital, phenylbutazone, propranolol (Inderal), tetracycline, thyroid, warfarin and other anticoagulants.
3. Women who are pregnant or brest-feeding should inform their doctors. Do not allow anyone else to take this medication.

Storage Conditions :
1. Keep this medication in the container it came in and out of the reach of children.
2. Store it at room temperature.
3. Do not store the powder in the bathroom or other areas where the moisture in the air may be high.

Chlorthalidone

Generic Name : Chlorthalidone

TradeName : Hythalton, hygroton, bigroton

Why it is prescribed
(Indications) : Chlorthalidone, a water pill, is used to treat high blood pressure and fluid retention caused by various conditions. It causes the kidney to eliminate unneeded water and salt into the urine.

When it is to be taken : Chlorthalidone is usually taken once a day or every other day. Follow the instructions on your prescription label carefully. It is best to take this medication in the morning so that you will not have to go to the bathroom during the night. Chlorthalidone controls high blood pressure and fluid retention but does not cure them. Therefore, it is important that you take this medication regularly. If you also are taking cholestyramine, take it at least one hour after chlorthalidone.

How it should be taken : Chlorthalidone comes in the form of tablets. Your prescription label tells you how much to take at each dose. Take it after a meal, preferably breakfast.

Special Instruction :
1. Keep all appointments with your doctor. Your blood pressure should be checked regularly, and blood tests may be needed periodically.
2. Do not stop taking chlorthalidone without consulting your doctor.
3. Be sure that you have enough medication on hand at all times, especially for vacations and holidays.
4. Follow your doctor's dietary recommendations. They may include a low-salt or low-sodium diet, potassium supplements, and increased amounts of potassium-rich foods (e.g., bananas and orange juice).

Side Effects :
1. Frequent urination. This problem should disappear after you take chlorthalidone for a few weeks.
2. Muscle weakness, cramps, thirst. Be sure that you are taking your potassium supplement correctly, if prescribed. Contact your doctor if these effects persist.
3. Sore throat, easy bruising, skin rash. Contact your doctor immediately. 4.Dizziness, lightheadedness. Try arising slowly from a sitting or lying position.

Other Precautions :
1. Tell your doctor if you have diabetes, gout, kidney or liver disease, or an allergy to sulfa drugs before you take chlorthalidone.
2. Inform your doctor if you develop severe vomiting or diarrhea while taking this medication.
3. Alcohol and sleep aids may increase the dizziness or lightheadedness caused by chlorthalidone.
4. Before you take chlorthalidone, tell your doctor what prescription and nonprescription drugs you are taking, especially lithium, probenecid, medication for arthritis or pain, sleeping pills, and other medication for high blood pressure.
5. If you become pregnant while taking this medication, contact your doctor.
6. Before having surgery, tell the doctor about your blood pressure medications.
7. Do not allow anyone else to take this medication.

Storage Conditions :
Keep this medication in the container it came in and out of the reach of children.

Chlorpropamide

Generic Name : Chlorpropamide

TradeName : Chlorformin, Diabinese, Glucamide

Why it is prescribed
(Indications) : Chlorpropamide is used to treat type II, noninsulin-dependent diabetes particularly in people whose diabetes cannot be controlled by diet alone or who cannot tolerate insulin injections. Chlorpropamide helps to lower blood sugar by stimulating the pancreas to secrete insulin and helping the body to use insulin efficiently. The pancreas must be capable of producing insulin for this medication to work. Chlorpropamide is not used to treat type I,insulin-dependent diabetes.

When it is to be taken
: Chlorpropamide usually is taken once a day with breakfast. Follow the instructions on your prescription label carefully.This medication must be taken regularly to be effective.

How it should be taken
: Chlorpropamide comes in the form of tablets. Your prescription label tells you how much to take at each dose. Do not take more of the drug than your doctor has prescribed.

Special Instruction
:
1. Your doctor will prescribe a diet that restricts calories and may result in weight loss.
2. Diet is extremely important in the treatment of diabetes, so follow your doctor's instructions.
3. Chlorpropamide is not a substitute for proper diet, and you should not be careless about the food you eat just because you take this drug.
4. It will work properly only if you follow your doctor's instructions containing diet and exercise.
5. Skipping or delaying meals or exercising much more that usual can cause your blood sugar to fall too low.
6. Maintaining a proper diet and exercising regularly will help you avoid this problem.
7. Ask your doctor for advice on how much alcohol is safe to drink. Alcoholic beverages can cause hypoglycemia, flushing, headache, or nausea. They also contain calories, which may make weight control difficult.

Side Effects
:
1. Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar): headache, nausea, sweating, hunger, paleness, numb mouth, tremors, blurred or double vision, chills, muscle weakness, fatigue, irritability, mental confusion, uncontrolled yawning, shallow breathing, palpitations, fast heartbeat. Drink fruit juice or eat something containing sugar and contact your doctor.
2. If you feel fain, instruct someone to take you to your doctor or to a hospital right away.
3. Loss of appetite; nausea; vomiting; cramps; constipation; headache; tingling, prickling, burning, or tight sensation. Contact your doctor; your dose (or dosage schedule) may need to be changed.
4. Fever, sore throat, yellowing of the skin or eyes, skin rash, itching, dark urine, light-colored stools, diarrhea, unusual bleeding or bruising. Contact your doctor immediately.

Other Precautions :
1. Chlorpropamide may affect the way your body responds to other drugs.
2. Before you take it, tell your doctor what prescription and nonprescription medications you are taking.
3. Before taking chlorpropamide, tell your doctor if you are pregnant or breast-feeding or if you have liver, kidney, thyroid, adrenal, or pituitary disease.
4. If you become pregnant while taking chlorpropamide, contact your doctor at once.
5. Before having surgery, including dental surgery, tell the doctor that you take chlorpropamide.
6. Chlorpropamide makes some people more sensitive to sunlight than they normally are.
7. Be careful about exposing yourself to sunlight or sunlamps.
8. Do not allow anyone else to take this medication.

Storage Conditions
:
Keep this medication in the container it came in, tightly closed, and out of the reach of children. Store it at room temperature.

Chlorpromazine

Generic Name : Chlorpromazine

TradeName : Chlorecetil Plus, Chlorpromazine, Chlorpromazine TABS, Chlorpromazine, Emetil, Emetil plus, Megatil, Sun Prazin, Trinicalm Forte

Why it is prescribed (Indications) : Chlorpromazine is a tranquilizer used to treat emotional and mental conditions. It also is used to prevent and treat nausea and vomiting, to treat behavior problems in children, and to relieve severe hiccups.

When it is to be taken : Chlorpromazine usually is taken two to four times a day. For nausea and vomiting, it is taken orally every four to six hours or every six to eight hours (rectally) as needed. Follow the instructions on your prescription label carefully.

How it should be taken : Chlorpromazine comes in the form of tablets, extended-release (long-acting) capsules, oral liquid, and rectal suppositories. Your prescription label tells you how much to take at each dose. Do not open extended-release capsules; swallow them whole. You ma

Special Instruction :
1. Chlorpromazine can cause drowsiness. Do not drive a car or operate dangerous machinery until you know how this drug affects you.
2. Although chlorpromazine is not habit-forming, do not stop taking it abruptly, especially if you have been taking it for a long term.
3. Your doctor probably will want to decrease your dose gradually.
4. Keep all appointments with your doctor. Your dose may need to be adjusted occasionally, especially when you first take this drug.
5. You also should have eye examinations periodically if you take chlorpromazine for a long time.

Side Effects :
1. Dry mouth. Suck sugarless hard candies. Drowsiness. This effect usually disappear after you have taken chlorpromazine for a few weeks.
2. Skin discoloration (yellowish-brown to greyish-purple). Stay out of the sun and contact your doctor.
3. Jaw, neck, and back muscle spasms; fine work-like tongue movements; rhythmic face, mouth, or jaw movements; slow or difficult speech; difficulty swallowing; tremors; shuffling walk, drooling; inability to sit still; slow, jerky movemebts; sore throat; fever; skin rash; yellow skin; weakness; blurred vision; constipation, difficulty urinating. Contact your doctor.

Other Precautions :
1. Before taking chlorpromazine, tell your doctor if you have heart, liver or kidney disease; glaucoma; an enlarged prostate; difficulty urinating; asthma, emphysema, chronic brnchitis, or lung disease; or a history of seizures.
2. Before you take chlorpromazine, tell your doctor if you ever had a bad reaction to insulin, shock therapy, or any other transquilizer or if you are pregnant or breast-feeding.
3. If you become pregnant, notify your doctor promptly.
4. Before chlorpromazine, tell your doctor what prescription and nonprescription drugs you are taking, especially lithium, seizure medication, sedatives, sleeping pills, narcotics (pain mediction), muscle relaxants, antihistamines, and medication for depression, Parkinson's disease, hay fever, allergies, or colds.
5. Before having surgery, including dental surgery, with a general anesthetic, tell the doctor that you take chlorpromazine.
6. Avoid exposure to extreme heat or cold.
7. Chlorpromazine decreases your ability to regulate body temperature, resulting in overheating or severe chilling.
8. Do not swin in extremely cold water.
9. Chlorpromazine can make your skin more sensitive to sunlight. Stay out of the sun when possible, or wear protetive clothing, a sunscreen preparation, and sunglasses.
10. Alcohol adds to the drowsiness caused by chlorpromazine. Limit your consumption of alcoholic beverages. Do not allow anyone else to take this medication.

Storage Conditions :
1. Keep this medication in the container it came in, tightly closed, and out of the reach of children.
2. Store it at room temperature.
3. A slight yellowish discoloration does not change the liquid's effectiveness, but do not use it